Women's mental health has a higher association with dietary factors


Women's mental health has a higher association with dietary factors

Exercise could reduce the negative association of certain food and mental distress in mature women

According to new research from Binghamton University, the State University of New York, women's mental health likely has a higher association with dietary factors than men's.

Lina Begdache, assistant professor of health and wellness studies at Binghamton University, had previously published research on diet and mood that suggests that a high-quality diet improves mental health. She wanted to test whether customization of diet improves mood among men and women ages 30 or older.

Along with research assistant Cara M. Patrissy, Begdache dissected the different food groups associated with mental distress in men and women ages 30 and older and studied the different dietary patterns about exercise frequency and mental distress. The results suggest that women's mental health has a higher association with dietary factors than men's. In addition, mental distress and exercise frequency were associated with different dietary and lifestyle patterns, which support customized diet and lifestyle factors to improve mental wellbeing.

"We found a general relationship between eating healthy, following healthy dietary practices, exercise and mental well-being," said Begdache. "Interestingly, we found that for unhealthy dietary patterns, the level of mental distress was higher in women than in men, which confirmed that women are more susceptible to unhealthy eating than men."

Based on this study and others, diet and exercise may be the first line of defense against mental distress in mature women, said Begdache.

"Fast food, skipping breakfast, caffeine and high-glycemic (HG) food are all associated with mental distress in mature women," said Begdache. "Fruits and dark green leafy vegetables (DGLV) are associated with mental well-being. The extra information we learned from this study is that exercise significantly reduced the negative association of HG food and fast food with mental distress," said Begadache.

This research provides the framework needed for healthcare professionals for customizing dietary plans to promote exercise and improve mental well-being in mature adults, said Begdache. It could also provide a new perspective for the research community when assessing the role of diet on mental distress.

The researchers are conducting a parallel study with young men and women, looking at diet quality and sleep and seasonal change variables from a longitudinal perspective.


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